Incidences of violent crime in Denver, the epi-center for Colorado’s marijuana retail industry, fell more than 10 percent following the opening of marijuana business in 2014. Between January 1 and April 30, 2014, violent crime and property crime dropped 10.6 percent compared to that same span one year earlier. Homicides fell to less than half of last year’s levels, and motor vehicle theft decreased by over one-third. Source:http://rt.com/usa/163644-colorado-marijuana-crime-drop/
In 2014 the scientific journal PLoS ONE Investigators tracked crime rates across all 50 states in the years between 1990 and 2006, during which time 11 states legalized medical cannabis access. Authors reviewed FBI Uniform Crime Report data to determine whether there was any association between the enactment of medical pot laws and rates of statewide criminal activity, specifically the number of reported crimes involving homicide, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft. They concluded, “The central finding gleaned from the present study was that MML (medical marijuana legalization) is not predictive of higher crime rates and may be related to reductions in rates of homicide and assault. These findings run counter to arguments suggesting the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes poses a danger to public health in terms of exposure to violent crime and property crimes.
Similarly, a 2012 federally commissioned study reported that the establishment of cannabis dispensaries is not associated with elevated rates of either violent crimes or property crimes. It concluded, “There were no observed cross-sectional associations between the density of medical marijuana dispensaries and either violent or property crime rates in this study. These results suggest that the density of medical marijuana dispensaries may not be associated with crime rates.”
Wyoming Secretary of State’s Office INITIATIVE PROCESS INFORMATION Revised 02/2013
Wyoming Constitution Article 3 Section 52 and various Wyoming State statutes particularly W.S. 22-24-101 through 22-24-125.
The initiative must be in bill form (W.S. 8-1-101 through 8-1-108). The bill must be on legal size paper, attached to the application form. The entire subject of the bill must be included in the title. The enacting clause must read: “Be it enacted by the people of the state of Wyoming”. The bill must have an effective date. The application must be filed with the Secretary of State. A fee of $500 must accompany the application.
The bill may not contain more than one subject. The bill may not dedicate revenues. The bill may not make or repeal appropriations. The bill may not create courts, define the jurisdiction of courts or prescribe their rules. The bill may not enact local or special legislation. The bill may not enact anything that is prohibited by the constitution. The bill may not be substantially the same as that defeated by an initiative election within the previous five years.
There must be a committee of three people who will be the main sponsors of the initiative. These committee members will be the contact people for the initiative, may be served with legal notices and will be responsible for statutory fees and costs.
Certification for Circulation
After the application is filed, the Secretary of State will hold a conference with the sponsors to discuss problems with the format or contents, fiscal impact to the state, and the initiative amendment process. The sponsors may then amend the initiative language. If the proposed bill will not be amended the committee of sponsors shall submit the names, signatures, addresses and the date of signing of one hundred (100) qualified electors to act as sponsors supporting the application in its final form to the Secretary of State. If the application meets all constitutional and statutory requirements, the Secretary of State will certify the application as filed. If the application is denied, the Secretary of State will notify the committee in writing of the grounds for denial. Denial of certification is subject to judicial review if any aggrieved person files an application within 30 days of the notification.
The Secretary of State will develop the petition form which is the only form that may be circulated. The Secretary of State shall print and number the petitions for distribution, but the cost of petition preparation is the responsibility of the sponsors.
Committee sponsors have 18 months from the initial date the petitions are delivered to the sponsors to file the petitions for verification. Petitions are to be circulated throughout the state only by a sponsor/circulator and only in person. The committee may designate additional circulators by giving written notice to the Secretary of State of those names and addresses. Sponsors/circulators will be required to submit an affidavit upon submission of each petition he/she circulated. The committee sponsors must submit registered voter signatures representing fifteen percent (15%) of those who voted in the preceding general election and fifteen percent (15%) of those resident in at least two thirds of Wyoming counties. Failure of a petition to qualify as of the filing date voids the future use of all signatures.
Circulators may not be paid based upon the number of signatures gathered nor shall a circulator pay or offer to pay any compensation to another person for that person's signature. Any person who signs a name other than his own or who knowingly signs his name more than once or who signs knowing that he is not a qualified registered voter or who makes a false affidavit or verification, upon conviction can be fined up to $1000 or imprisoned up to one year, or both.
Certification for the Ballot
Within 60 days after the filing of the petition, the Secretary of State will notify the committee of whether or not enough valid signatures had been obtained. If so, the Secretary of State will prepare a proposition and ballot title summarizing the proposed law. The proposition will then be voted on in the first statewide election held more than 120 days after adjournment of the legislative session. If, before the election, substantially the same measure has been enacted the petition is void.
The measure is enacted if it receives approval of more than 50% of those voting in the general election. Election results are certified by the State Canvassing Board. An initiated law becomes effective 90 days after certification, is not subject to veto, and may not be repealed by the legislature within two years of its effective date. It may be amended at any time.
2015 Key Election Dates
Candidate Filing Period May 15-30, 2016
Initiative Filing Deadline February 8, 2016
25,673 signatures required